Tau Teh Ching - academic tools comparison of different translations St. Xenophon Library

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Click on a sentence 1 2 3 4 Chapter 10 Chapter 12 Back to index

Ch. 11 Sentence 1
Beck Thirty spokes are united around the hub of a wheel, but the usefulness of the wheel depends on the space where nothing exists.
Blackney Thirty spokes will converge In the hub of a wheel; But the use of the cart Will depend on the part Of the hub that is void.
Bynner Thirty spokes are made one by holes in a hub By vacancies joining them for a wheel's use.
Byrn Thirty spokes are joined together in a wheel, but it is the center hole that allows the wheel to function.
Chan Thirty spokes are united around the hub to make a wheel, But it is on its non-being that the utility of the carriage depends.
Cleary Thirty spokes join at a hub: their use for the cart is where they are not.
Crowley The thirty spokes join in their nave, that is one; yet the wheel depends for use upon the hollow place for the axle.
Hansen Thirty spokes together make one hub. Where the nothing is, lies the cart's use.
LaFargue Thirty spokes unite in one hollow hub in this 'nothing' lies the wheel's usefulness.
Legge The thirty spokes unite in the one nave; but it is on the empty space (for the axle), that the use of the wheel depends.
Lindauer Thirty spokes converge at one hub The use of a chariot is in the presence of what is absent
LinYutan Thirty spokes unite around the nave; From their not-being (loss of their individuality) Arises the utility of the wheel.
Mabry Thirty spokes join together at one hub, But it is the hole in the enter that makes it operable.
McDonald We put thirty spokes together and call it a wheel; but it's on the space where there's nothing that the usefulness of the wheel depends.
Merel Thirty spokes meet at a nave; Because of the hole we may use the wheel.
Mitchell We join spokes together in a wheel, but it is the centre hole that makes the wagon move.
Muller Thirty spokes join together in the hub. It is because of what is not there that the cart is useful.
Red Pine Thirty spokes converge on a hub but it's the emptiness that makes a wheel work
Ta-Kao Thirty spokes unite in one nave, And because of the part where nothing exists we have the use of a carriage wheel.
Walker Thirty spokes meet at a hollowed-out hub; the wheel won't work without its hole.
Wayism Thirty spokes join together in a wheel, but it is the centre hole that makes the wagon move.
Wieger A wheel is made of thirty perceptible spokes, but it turns due to the imperceptible central axis of the hub.
World Thirty spokes converge on the wheel's hub. But the center hole which receives the axle makes it useful.
Wu Thirty spokes converge upon a single hub; It is the hole in the centre that the use of the cart hinges.


Ch. 11 Sentence 2
Beck Clay is molded into a vessel, but the usefulness of the vessel depends on the space where nothing exists.
Blackney With a wall all around A clay bowl is moulded; But the use of the bowl Will depend on the part Of the bowl that is void.
Bynner The use of clay in moulding pitchers Comes from the hollow of its absence;
Byrn We mold clay into a pot, but it is the emptiness inside that makes the vessel useful.
Chan Clay is moulded to form a utensil, But it is on its non-being that the utility of the utensil depends.
Cleary When the potter's wheel makes a pot, the use of the pot is precisely where there is nothing.
Crowley Clay is shaped to make vessels; but the contained space is what is useful.
Hansen Throwing clay to deem:make a utensil; Where the nothing is, lies the utensil's use.
LaFargue Knead clay to make a jar - in its 'nothing' lies the jar's usefulness.
Legge Clay is fashioned into vessels; but it is on their empty hollowness, that their use depends.
Lindauer Shaping clay, it happens to act as a vessel The use of a vessel is in the presence of what is absent
LinYutan Mold clay into a vessel; From its not-being (in the vessel's hollow) Arises the utility of the vessel.
Mabry Clay is molded into a pot, But it is the emptiness inside that makes it useful.
McDonald We turn clay to make a vessel; but it's on the space where there's nothing that the usefulness of the vessel depends.
Merel Clay is moulded into a vessel; Because of the hollow we may use the cup.
Mitchell We shape clay into a pot, but it is the emptiness inside that holds whatever we want.
Muller Clay is formed into a vessel. It is because of its emptiness that the vessel is useful.
Red Pine pots are fashioned from clay but it's the hollow that make a pot work
Ta-Kao Clay is moulded into vessels, And because of the space where nothing exists we are able to use them as vessels.
Walker A vessel is moulded from solid clay; its inner emptiness makes it useful.
Wayism We shape clay into a pot, yet it is the emptiness that we use.
Wieger Vessels are made of perceptible clay, but it is their imperceptible hollow that is useful.
World Clay is shaped into a pot. But the inner space which receives whatever one puts into it makes it useful.
Wu We make a vessel from a lump of clay; It is the empty space within the vessel that makes it useful.


Ch. 11 Sentence 3
Beck Doors and windows are cut out of the walls of a house, and the usefulness of the house depends on the space where nothing exists.
Blackney Cut out windows and doors In the house as you build; But the use of the house Will depend on the space In the walls that is void.
Bynner Doors, windows, in a house, Are used for their emptiness:
Byrn We fashion wood for a house, but it is the emptiness inside that makes it livable.
Chan Doors and windows are cut out to make a room, But it is on its non-being that the utility of the room depends.
Cleary When you open the doors and windows for a room, it is where there is nothing that they are useful to the room.
Crowley
Hansen Sculpting windows and doors to deem:make a room; Where the nothing is, lies the room's use.
LaFargue Cut out doors and windows in making a house - in their 'nothing' lies the house's usefulness.
Legge The door and windows are cut out (from the walls) to form an apartment; but it is on the empty space (within), that its use depends.
Lindauer Cutting doors and windows to have it act as a room The use of a room is in the presence of what is absent.
LinYutan Cut out doors and windows in the house (-wall), From their not-being (empty space) arises the utility of the house.
Mabry Doors and windows are cut to make a room, It is the empty spaces that we use.
McDonald We pierce and cut out doors and windows to make a house; and it's on these spaces where there's nothing that the usefulness of the house depends.
Merel Walls are built around a hearth; Because of the doors we may use the house.
Mitchell We hammer wood for a house, but the space is where we live.
Muller Cut doors and windows to make a room. It is because of its emptiness that the room is useful.
Red Pine windows and doors are carved for a house but it's the spaces that make a house work
Ta-Kao Doors and windows are cut out in the walls of a house, And because they are empty spaces, we are able to use them.
Walker To make a room, you have to cut doors and windows; without openings, a place isn't livable.
Wayism We fashion wood for a house, but it is the inner emptiness where we live, and the empty holes of windows and doors that makes it livable.
Wieger The imperceptible holes which make the doors and windows of a house, are its essentials.
World Wood is cut and joined to build a house. But the windows and doors which allow things to enter and leave make it useful.
Wu We make doors and windows for a room; But it is these empty spaces that make the room livable.


Ch. 11 Sentence 4
Beck Therefore take advantage of what exists, and use what does not exist.
Blackney So advantage is had From whatever is there; But usefulness rises From whatever is not.
Bynner Thus we are helped by what is not to use what is.
Byrn We work with the substantial, but the emptiness is what we use.
Chan Therefore turn being into advantage, and turn non-being into utility.
Cleary Therefore being is for benefit, nonbeing is for usefulness.
Crowley Matter is therefore of use only to make the limits of the Space which is the thing of real value.
Hansen So where we deem having it as beneficial. We deem use to consist in lacking it.
LaFargue Yes: 'Being' makes for profit 'Nothing' makes for use fulness.
Legge Therefore, what has a (positive) existence serves for profitable adaptation, and what has not that for (actual) usefulness.
Lindauer So Where there is presence beneficial actions happen Where there is absence useful actions happen.
LinYutan Therefore by the existence of things we profit. And by the non-existence of things we are served.
Mabry Therefore, existence is what we have, But non-existence is what we use.
McDonald Take advantage of what is, turn existing into a great advantage: just make as much as you can out of it here. Feel free to recognise the possible usefulness of what's not yet here. Prosper by clever use of something not yet.
Merel Thus tools come from what exists, But use from what does not.
Mitchell We work with being, but non-being is what we use.
Muller Therefore, what is present is used for profit. But it is in absence that there is usefulness.
Red Pine existence makes something useful but nonexistence makes it work
Ta-Kao Therefore, on the one hand we have the benefit of existence, and on the other, we make use of non-existence.
Walker To make use of what is here, you must make use of what is not
Wayism Therefore, being is what we have, but non-being is what we use.32
Wieger It is the imperceptible that produces effects and results.
World The potential utility resides in the tangible. But true usefulness is a manifestation of the intangible.
Wu Thus, while the tangible has advantages, It is the intangible that makes it useful.